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A charming footpath leads over the fields to the highway, where a bridge spans the Trent. In 1831 citizens rioted in protest against the Duke of Newcastle's opposition to the Reform Act 1832, setting fire to his residence, Nottingham Castle.
It was expanded in 1877 by adding the parishes of Basford, Brewhouse Yard, Bulwell, Radford, Sneinton, Standard Hill, and parts of the parishes of West Bridgford, Carlton, Wilford (North Wilford).Following the Norman Conquest the Saxon settlement developed into the English Borough of Nottingham and housed a Town Hall and Law Courts.A settlement also developed around the castle on the hill opposite and was the French borough supporting the Normans in the castle.Although this growth slowed towards the end of the century, the modern pressures for more affordable and council housing is back on the political agenda and there is now pressure on the Green Belt which surrounds the city.Nottingham City Council is a unitary authority based at Nottingham Council House in Old Market Square.) is a city and unitary authority area in Nottinghamshire, England, located 30 miles (48 km) south of Sheffield and 30 miles (48 km) north of Leicester.
Nottingham has links to the legend of Robin Hood and to the lace-making, bicycle (notably Raleigh bikes) and tobacco industries.
During the second half of the 20th century Nottingham saw urban growth with the development of new public and private housing estates and new urban centres, which have engulfed former rural villages such as Bilborough, Wollaton, Gedling and Bramcote.
South of the river there has also been expansion with new areas such as Edwalton and West Bridgford, adding to Nottingham's urban sprawl.
Nottingham Castle was constructed in 1068 on a sandstone outcrop by the River Leen.
The Anglo-Saxon settlement was originally confined to the area today known as the Lace Market and was surrounded by a substantial defensive ditch and rampart, which fell out of use following the Norman Conquest and was filled by the time of the Domesday Survey (1086).
In the sporting world, Nottingham is home to the world's oldest professional football club, Notts County, which was formed in 1862.